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Liver Specialist

Centre of Excellence

About Your Liver

Introduction on Liver and its Functions
Weighing in at a little over one kilogram, your liver is a complex chemical factory that works 24 hours a day. Liver is the largest internal organ of the body and is also the largest gland of the body. It processes virtually everything you eat, drink, breathe in or rub on your skin; in fact, the liver performs over 500 functions that are vital to life. Every day, your liver helps your body by providing it with energy, fighting off infections and toxins, helping clot the blood, regulating hormones and much, much more.

To give you an idea of your liver’s critical roles, here is a partial list of its functions:

  • Cleanses your blood: Metabolizing alcohol and other drugs and chemicals, neutralizing and destroying poisonous substances.
  • Regulates your supply of body fuel: It producing, storing and exporting fat and glucose. Glucose and fat are the major fuels for the body.
  • Manufactures many essential body proteins involved in: Transporting substances in your blood, clotting of your blood, and providing resistance to infections.
  • Regulates the balance of hormones: Including sex hormones, thyroid hormones, cortisone and other adrenal hormones.
  • Regulates your body’s cholesterol: Producing cholesterol, excreting it and converting it to other essential substances.
  • Regulates your supply of essential vitamins and minerals: Including iron and copper.
  • Produces bile: Aiding with digestion of fatty food.
Signs and symptoms of Liver disease

Unfortunately, Liver damage does not show any explicit symptoms unless liver has been damaged to a great degree. There may be malaise, body ache, weight loss, anorexia, upper abdominal pain and other non-specific symptoms.

Normal liver is soft and smooth. As the liver damage increases, it tends to becomes hard with irregular surface, progressing from fibrosis to cirrhosis of liver. Functionally what it means is that the liver has failed to cope of with the functions it is supposed to carry out. Liver cirrhosis can also progress to cancers of liver. If the disease is not controlled, the complications of cirrhosis begin to develop. Once someone starts developing the complications, liver is already damaged and the injury has reached the point of no return.

The usual complication that can occur are :

  • Yellowish discoloration of skin and eyes - Jaundice
  • Altered behavior - Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Swelling on your feet - Oedema
  • Accumulation of fluid in your tummy - Ascites
  • Blood in vomitus - Hematemesis
  • Blood in stools - Malena
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Contact Address

Zydus Hospitals Road,
Nr. Sola Bridge, S.G. Highway,
Ahmedabad - 380054,
Gujarat, India.